Adaptive rowing is a category in a rowing race for those with physical disabilities or visual impairments. Indoor erging through the winter offers the opportunity to build strength and endurance and learn basic technique before rowing on the water in the spring / summer. Adaptive seating and boat modifications are available for athletes as needed.

Under FISA rules there are three categories for adaptive rowers:

  • PR3 (formerly LTA – Legs, Trunk, Arms): Use of legs, trunk and arms. Also for those with visual impairments. Rowed with standard boats and sliding seats.
  • PR2 (formerly TA – Trunk and Arms): Use of trunk and arm movement. Boat has fixed seat.
  • PR1 (formerly AS – Arms and Shoulders): Limited trunk control. Boat has fixed seat and rower is strapped at upper chest level to only allow shoulder and arm movements.

At FISA events there are 4 boat events:

  • 4+ Mixed PR3
  • 2x Mixed PR3
  • 2x Mixed PR2
  • 1x PR1

Racing is held over 1,000 m (rather than the standard 2,000 m). In mixed events half the crew must be male and other half female (coxswain may be of either gender and may be able bodied). Single shells for the Arms and Shoulders category must have stabilizing pontoons attached to the riggers. Adaptive events were added to the World Rowing Championships in 2002 and the Paralympic program starting with the 2008 Summer Paralympic Games in Beijing, China.

Meet our coaching staff

Mark Willis
Mark has been coaching rowing for Sportable since the start of the program in
2010. Mark is a member of the Virginia Boat Club and holds a Level I Coaching
certification from USRowing. He is also a sculling instructor for the VBC. Mark has
competed regionally in sprint and head races as part of the VBC mens masters team.
However, his primary sport (and love) is trail running and adventure racing.


Indoor Erging

Mondays, February 26th-March 26th

On Water Rowing

Session 1: Mondays, April 23rd-June 4th & VBC Regatta June 9th
Session 2: For experienced rowers, Wednesdays, June 20th- August 8th. Will lead to competing in the Bayada Regatta Aug 18th

For more information, please call 804-340-2991.

Important: You must have a Sportable Athlete Membership before you can register for our sports programs. Please visit our Membership page to sign up to become a Sportable member.


Rocketts Landing Boathouse
4708 Old Main St
Richmond, Virginia 23231

Get Directions


This program is open to those age 16 and up with a physical disability or visual impairment* interested in learning about the sport of rowing.

Please make sure that all athletes have filled out the Waiver & Release of Liability Form and the Athlete Information Form. Both can be found in our Forms page. Forms must be turned in prior to the first sport session.

For more information, please contact: or 804. 340. 2991

*The majority of Sportable programs can be adapted for all levels of physical ability, including those individuals who are ambulatory or use a manual or power wheelchair. Sportable reserves the right to hold your registration and place you on a waiting list until we can determine if accommodations for your participation can be made.


  • Virginia Boat Club